Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces.
Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.
Did you Know?
According to the International Diabetes Federation:
1 in 11 adults has diabetes (415 million).
1 in 7 births is affected by gestational diabetes.
By 2040, 1 adult in 10 (642 million) will have diabetes.
Every 6 seconds a person dies from diabetes (5.0 million deaths).
5% of adults with diabetes are undiagnosed
Three quarters of people with diabetes live in low and middle income countries
12% of global health expenditure is spent on diabetes
Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes-International Diabetes Federation:
The guidelines & recommendations for type 2 diabetes prevention emphasize on lifestyle modifications aiming to reduce weight in those who are overweight with a goal to achieve at least a 5% to 7% of body weight loss.
Lifestyle changes include:
Controlling portion sizes.
Avoiding high sugary and sweetened foods and beverages.
Reducing the frequency of eating out (where size and content of meals cannot be controlled).
Cutting the daily caloric intake by 500 to 600 kcal/day.
Increasing physical activity to at least 150 minutes per week.
*Some guidelines recommend medications when the lifestyle modification strategy is not enough.
The most common drugs are metformin or alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (AGI), although at present most regulatory agencies do not authorize the use of medications for diabetes prevention purposes.